common mistake

نوشته شده توسط:مدیریت سایت | ۰ دیدگاه

استفاده نادرست از مصدر 91_ 103

91. Mind (object to) + -ing.

Don’t say: Would you mind to open the door?

Say: Would you mind opening the door?

لطفا...

92. Practise+ -ing.

Don’t say: You must practise to speak English.

Say: You must practice speaking English.

تمرین کردن

93. Remember+ -ing.

Don’t say: I don’t remember to have seen him.

Say: I don’t remember seeing him.

Or: I don’t remember having seen him.

به خاطر آوردن...

94. Risk+ -ing.

Don’t say: We couldn’t risk to leave him alone.

Say: We couldn’t risk leaving him alone.

خطر کردن...

95. Stop+ -ing.

Don’t say: The wind has almost stopped to blow.

Say: The wind has almost stopped blowing.

توقف کردن…

Give up (= stop): he gives up smoking.

(د) بعد از تعدادی صفات خاص:

 

96. Busy+ -ing.

Don’t say: He was busy to revise the exams.

Say: he was busy revising for the exams.

مشغول...

97. Worth+ -ing.

Don’t say: Is today’s film worth to see?

Say: Is today’s film worth seeing?

ارزش...

 

(ج) بعد از یکسری از عبارات:

98. Have difficulty in+ -ing.

Don’t say: She has no difficulty to do it.

Say: She has no difficulty in doing it.

مشکل داشتن در انجام کاری

99. Have the pleasure of+ -ing.

Don’t say: I had pleasure to meet him.

Say: I had pleasure of meeting him.

Take pleasure in: he takes great pleasure in helping others.

باعث خوشحالی

100. It’s no use+ -ing.

Don’t say: It’s no use to cry like a baby.

Say: It’s no use crying like a baby.

بی فایده

101. It’s no good+ -ing.

Don’t say: It’s no good to get angry.

Say: It’s no good getting angry.

خوب نیست...

102. Look forward to+ -ing.

Don’t say: I look forward to see him soon.

Say: I look forward to seeing him soon.

مشتاق...

103. There is no harm in+ -ing.

Don’t say: there is no harm to visit her now.

Say: There is no harm in visiting her now.

ضرر نداره

 

 

پس توجه داشته باشید که در این شرایط از اسم مصدر استفاده می کنیم:

1.بعد از حروف اضافه.

Example:  he worked without stopping. She played instead of working.

2. بعد از کلماتی که با حرف اضافه می آیند، مثل as fond of, insist on, tired of, succeed in

 

Example: I’m tired of doing the work again. He succeeded in catching the rat.

3.بعد از یکسری فعل های خاص، مانند avoid,enjoy,finish,stop,risk,excuse.

Example: they enjoy playing football. The wind has stopped blowing.

 4.بعد از صفات busy, worth.

Example: Lena was busy writing a book. This date is worth remembering.

 

5.بعد از عبارات خاصی مثل it’s no use, it’s no good, I can’t help, would you mind, look forward to.

 

Example: I think it’s no use trying again. I can’t help feeling angry about it.

 

بعد از این فعل ها می توانید از مصدر یا اسم مصدر استفاده کنید، مثلbeing, like, dislike, hate, love, prefer

 

Example: He began to talk or he began talking.

منبع:انگلیش کمپ

زبان انگلیسی زبان پایه و اول جهان مصدر های دنیاست درسته یا نه؟ نظر یادت نره ها

 

 

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